From 2009 to 2013 these companies created or saved over 10,500 jobs. With a net balance of jobs created of 1,859 in 2013 (1,600 in 2012; up 16%), the Scop (worker cooperatives) and Scic (Collective Interest Cooperatives) network has 45,700 salaried workers (up from 4% with respect to 2012; up 12.5% compared to 2009), among which 25,000 associated workers (as opposed to 23,370 in 2012, up 6.5%). Among these jobs, 40% (around 900 jobs) have emerged from developing existing companies and 20% (around 540 jobs) are newly-created jobs. In 2013, around 1,800 people launched a cooperative company: 30% of these were employees, 29% were managers and 27% of them were workers, “which shows that all profiles in the active population are involved in the creation of cooperative and participatory Societies”, Patrick Lenancker recalled. The services sector, representing 45% of cooperative companies, is the main activity sector, with over 1,000 companies. Approximately a fourth of them were created under 4 years ago and they now represent 16,500 salaried workers, in other words 36% of salaried workers. Traditional sectors such as construction and industry are still dominant when in terms of jobs (19,300 salaried workers, i.e. 42%). A final noteworthy fact is the development of the “education, health and social action” sector and the commerce sector, representing 16% of companies and just over 12% of salaried workers. {{Economic performance and financial sustainability }} It would appear that Scop and Scic- type companies are more sustainable than traditional companies: their survival rate after 3 years was 77% as opposed to 65% of all French companies, and at 5 years, 63% as opposed to 50% in France. Moreover, the profitability of Scop and Scic- type companies was 6.5% in 2012, a similar figure to other types of companies in France, for which the figure is 6.2%. More information (in French) [here->]