CECOP – CICOPA Europe is the European confederation of industrial and service cooperatives. Founded in 1979 in Manchester, it affiliates 26 national confederations or federations of cooperatives representing 50,000 enterprises employing 1.3 million workers in 15 European countries.
CECOP – CICOPA Europe is the voice of:
- 35,000 WORKER COOPERATIVES: characterised by the fact that the majority of their staff are members-owners.
- 12,000 SOCIAL COOPERATIVES : employing 270,000 workers, are specialised in the provision of social services or in the reintegration, through work, of disadvantaged and marginalised workers (disabled, long-term unemployed, ex-prisoners, addicts etc).
- 1,000 COOPERATIVES OF SELF EMPLOYED PRODUCERS: namely second degree cooperatives for self-employed and small enterprises (truck drivers, taxi drivers, mechanics, masons, etc).
- 2,000 WORKER OWNED ENTERPRISES (Sociedades laborales): these are not cooperatives, but are very similar by the fact thatworker-members jointly own and democratically control the enterprise. They only exist in Spain.
Over 95% of the enterprises of the CECOP- CICOPA Europe network are SMEs. We also find several strong horizontal cooperative groups (which, in turn, are constituted mainly of SMEs: in Italy, we can mention the CGM Group among social cooperatives; another example is the well-known Mondragon group in the Basque country the 7th Spanish entrepreneurial group employing over 74,000 workers.
Hundreds of cooperative enterprises from the CECOP- CICOPA Europe network are the result of businesses that have been transferred to, or bought out by their employees and re-established under the worker cooperative form since the beginning of the crisis. In France, for instance, there have been 224 transfers and buyouts between 2008-2014, with a very high survival rate within the first 5 years, superior to the entire number of French enterprises.