Address: European Cooperative House
Avenue Milcamps 105, 1030 Brussels, Belgium
Telephone: +32 2 543 1033
Email: cecop@cecop.coop

Best result in 6 years for the creation of worker cooperatives in France

18 June 2014 [ English ] français ]

With 263 new companies, 2013 was the best year in 6 years for the creation of worker cooperatives in France. The total number of companies is now 2,252 (a 4% increase with respect to 2012; and a 17% increase compared to 2009). “Sixty-five per cent of the 263 companies created new companies, which shows that company founders are really subscribing to this economic model. On account of the crisis there was double the amount of take-overs of ailing companies compared to 2012, amounting to 27 companies being taken over in 2013”, said Patrick Lenancker, President of the CG Scop, the Confederation of Worker Cooperatives in France.

From 2009 to 2013 these companies created or saved over 10,500 jobs. With a net balance of jobs created of 1,859 in 2013 (1,600 in 2012; up 16%), the Scop (worker cooperatives) and Scic (Collective Interest Cooperatives) network has 45,700 salaried workers (up from 4% with respect to 2012; up 12.5% compared to 2009), among which 25,000 associated workers (as opposed to 23,370 in 2012, up 6.5%). Among these jobs, 40% (around 900 jobs) have emerged from developing existing companies and 20% (around 540 jobs) are newly-created jobs.

In 2013, around 1,800 people launched a cooperative company: 30% of these were employees, 29% were managers and 27% of them were workers, “which shows that all profiles in the active population are involved in the creation of cooperative and participatory Societies”, Patrick Lenancker recalled.

The services sector, representing 45% of cooperative companies, is the main activity sector, with over 1,000 companies. Approximately a fourth of them were created under 4 years ago and they now represent 16,500 salaried workers, in other words 36% of salaried workers. Traditional sectors such as construction and industry are still dominant when in terms of jobs (19,300 salaried workers, i.e. 42%). A final noteworthy fact is the development of the “education, health and social action” sector and the commerce sector, representing 16% of companies and just over 12% of salaried workers.

Economic performance and financial sustainability

It would appear that Scop and Scic- type companies are more sustainable than traditional companies: their survival rate after 3 years was 77% as opposed to 65% of all French companies, and at 5 years, 63% as opposed to 50% in France. Moreover, the profitability of Scop and Scic- type companies was 6.5% in 2012, a similar figure to other types of companies in France, for which the figure is 6.2%.

More information (in French) here